Original aims of the project
(1) Examine the factors influencing the safety of work-related drivers
(2) Design and implement a multilevel fleet safety program incorporating all driving groups
(3) Evaluate the effectiveness of the fleet safety program based on a reduction in crashes, costs, traffic infringements, and improvement in self-report measures
(4) Examine and map the particular statutory, and common law requirements and potential liabilities applying to nonprofit organisations, their employees, members and volunteers in relation to vehicles, and
(5) Devise a framework for formal risk management and legal compliance strategies.
What have we achieved so far?
1. An extensive review of the crash claims database was conducted to identify crash precipitating patterns. The information obtained from this review has given insight into the factors contributing to crash involvement. For example, the analysis found the majority of crashes were single vehicle crashes, which suggests that factors such as inattention, could have been a contributing factor.
2. Forty one interviews were conducted with pooled vehicle drivers, executives with salary sacrificed vehicles, truck drivers, and volunteers. The major theme that emerged from the interviews was that fleet safety was not considered a priority by senior level management, and was not regularly discussed as a safety issue in meetings or when first starting in their position.
3. Surveys were distributed to pooled vehicle drivers, executives with salary sacrificed vehicles, Ministers within the congregations, and volunteer drivers. Preliminary analysis found support for factors such as, drivers' perceptions of the safety climate, and their experience of workload contributed to unsafe driving behaviours. In turn, driving behaviours were found to have a negative relationship with crash outcomes and loss of demerit points.
4. We have developed two interventions aimed to reduce work-related driving crashes. Specifically, these interventions are designed at the driver and workgroup level. The driver level intervention has been completed one group of drivers. This intervention was a one-hour interactive participative education program followed by safety reminders at three and six moths. The results found that the intervention had a significant and positive effect on self-reported speeding, compared with the control group. Both the control and experimental groups reported a significant decrease in self-reported crashes over the six month period. One year follow-up also found a significant decrease in crashes for both the experimental and control groups.
5. We are in the process of implementing the workgroup level intervention, which will involve a leadership program designed to establish and increase the safety-related interactions between supervisors and drivers. In the experimental group, we have 19 supervisory workgroups and 102 drivers. We are currently in the process of recruiting participants for the control group so that we can evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention.